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The project Alternative Historical linguistics unites mathematical linguistics, geography, archeology, mythology, onomastics, ethnography as a form of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of ethnogenetic problems of at prehistoric times.
A main tool of the investigations was the so-called
grapho-analytical method that was independently developed by the author in the 80s of the last century. Description of the method was in the "News of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Series of literature and language" № 1 is given for the year 1987. The idea of the method consists in geometrical interpretation of interrelations between cognate languages on the basis of quantitative estimation of mutual linguistic units in pairs of languages within one language family or group. This method is based on a supposition that the inverse proportionality exists between the amount of mutual words in a pair of languages and the distance between natural habitats where these languages were formed. The calculation of the quantity of mutual lexical items in language pairs has been done on the data of Table-dictionaries which were created for each studied language family. The table-dictionaries have the following structure: the words of the same languages are placed in vertical columns, the words belonging to the same phono-semantic set can be found in horizontal lines. It is important to take into consideration that not all phono-semantic sets have corresponding matches in all languages. Many sets have the appropriate words in some languages only. If all the languages have the appropriate words for the same set, this set belongs to the common lexical stock of a language family. The common lexical stock has not been taken into the calculation, because it concerns mainly the time of the existence of the common parent language to be split in these languages.
The model of the language relationship looks as a graph which has as so much knots how much of languages are studied. Indeed, each knot looks as an area of points being ends of a segment with length corresponded to the quantity of common words in language pairs. These segments connect pairs of all areas. The construction of the model goes in some approximation.
When the model is ready we try to find a place for it on a geographical map. The form of the model could not be broken therefore it is not easy to find suitable place on the map with the same topological character as the model. Each area of language formation must have distinct borders, which hinder intercourses between inhabitants of these areas and so contribute to forming new separate languages from the previous common one. The borders of the areas can be rivers, mount chains, swamps etc.
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